Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 3. ; Reflection - Students should examine the offered solutions and discuss and reflect on their relative merit. The dilemma of the problem of evil is, if God is perfectly loving he must wish to abolish evil. In this essay, I want to articulate the nature of the problem of evil and examine four common theistic proposals for why God would allow evil to exist to the extent that it does. Augustine’s answer...…. Exploring a rational approach to knowledge and life. These tend to fall, however, into two main groups. then is he impotent. At its heart is the notion that if God existed, he would be powerful enough to be able to prevent evil, wise enough to know how to prevent it and benevolent enough to want to prevent it. 2. A God that is benevolent to others at lethal expense to humans is, by definition, malevolent, or at least indifferent, toward humans. then is he malevolent. One argument, known as the free will defense, claims that evil is caused not by God but by human beings, who must be allowed to choose evil if they are to have free will. Joad was outspoken about his agnosticism, due in large part to the problem of evil. It is an unusual apologist indeed who believes in this type of God. Corrections? Most thinkers, however, have found this argument too simple, since it does not recognize cases in which eliminating one evil causes another to arise or in which the existence of a particular evil entails some good state of affairs that morally outweighs it. If evil exists, then God cannot exist. Thus, Hume devotes much of the earlier parts of his Dialogues to attacking the argument from design, which was popular in the 18th century. Evil and suffering happen. (3) If God is all-powerful, then he can prevent evil. The Problem of Evil takes the following form: 1. [2] Why would a loving and merciful God allow such misery and death on this grand scale? After binding her hands and feet and brutally raping her repeatedly, he threw her alive into a local dam with her schoolbag, which he weighed down with rocks. A God that is all powerfulwould be able to prevent evil and suffering. comprehension - Students should be able to articulate the nature of the problem of evil for theists. A presentation revising the key topics covered during our study of The Problem of Evil. Stated simply, the philosophical problem goes like this: (1) If God is all-knowing, then he knows what evil is. The problem of evil is the most serious problem in the world and the one serious objection to the existence of God. often we Christians give glib answers to unbelievers’ genuine yet anguished questions of why people suffer The fourth proposal I will examine here is that pain and suffering is an illusion. The greater evil prevented proposed by theists is the harms done to our body. After reviewing the strengths and weaknesses of each of these proposals and finding them wanting, I will progress to considering an attempt to undercut the problem of evil. Is he both able and willing? The problem of evil has kept many away from belief in God. https://www.britannica.com/topic/problem-of-evil, The Basics of Philosophy - Philosophy of Religion, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - The Problem of Evil, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Logical Problem of Evil. Hick rejects the traditional view of the Fall, which pictures humans as being created in a finitely perfect and finished state from which they disastrously fell away. The problem of evil refers to the challenge of reconciling belief in an omniscient, omnipotent and omnibenevolent God, with the existence of evil and suffering in the world. 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