Any tips on removing the discoloration on bottom after a few rides in the river Although they are easy to brush and retreat, sanding isn’t always desirable. The cheapest stiffen brush will do just fine. Well written and informative The article is coming though and will link it here as soon as it’s available. We recommend using a 3M Doodlebug white cleaning pad. The final step in rejuvenating an exterior teak surface is the application of a dressing or sealer to retain for as long as possible the appearance of the freshly prepared wood. Unless you plan to put the effort needed to preserve your teak’s surface between main cleanings, polishing the teak’s surface smooth is just a waste of your time. Apply “one-part cleaner”, dispersing and gently scrubbing with a soft brush. Eliminate moisture paths. If you use successively finer grades of aluminum oxide sandpaper, and don't slow the machine down by applying pressure, it will leave a smooth, relatively swirl-free surface suitable for finishing with a teak dressing. You have entered an incorrect email address! Teak Deck Sanding and Detailing. However, chemical cleaning can be pretty tough on the wood. The advantage of unfinished wood is that you will never have to refinish it; and if installed properly, it will last generations. If electricity is not available, sweep thoroughly with a dusting brush or a large paintbrush which will no longer be suitable for painting because it is full of sanding dust. The chemical burns which can result from some cleaners can be disfiguring and painful. To achieve the best results, you should never allow your teak to get to that condition where you have to take these drastic measures. The alternative is to put the boat in a shed somewhere. Chances are that you will quickly discover that a discouraging amount of sanding is involved, and you will end up using a chemical cleaner in any case. Apply part one of the cleaner, spreading it evenly with a nylon pad. Also varnish on a swim platform is slippery. Sanding the Teak Once the wood is dry, use sandpaper to finish the job of restoring the original color of the teak wood. People. Replacing a teak deck is a massive job. There is no need to sand roughly or deeply; a light sanding will soon reveal the beauty of the original wood. Apply and spread enough of the acid to turn the teak a uniform tan; 5. The abnormality of such surface merely increases the speed at which the teak goes dull again. Over time, even a simple scrubbing with detergent will wear away the softer portions of grain, leaving ridges of harder grain. The answer is careful application, and careful cleanup. Always make sure that you use correct teak cleaning solutions on your decks, as this will ensure its life span. If the product label has the key words caustic, corrosive, or acid, wear protection and avoid splashing! After sanding, remove sanding dust from all surfaces with a vacuum cleaner. A recently cleaned teak is a pleasure to witness, but the teak won’t remain fresh, light, and clean for a long time if proper finish is not applied. Chemical cleaners can, however, almost miraculously clean weathered teak. These acids are more efficient in lightening the surface of the wood than a simple detergent. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'bettersailing_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',102,'0','0']));Teak is amazingly flexible and can be made new again even after a lot of rough use. Sand off oxidation to the wood with a 320-grit sandpaper, moving only in the direction of the grain. You will be washing unneutralized, corrosive liquid all over the rest of your boat. Unless you intend to put in the effort required to maintain your teak between major cleanings, sanding the teak smooth is a waste of time. Eye protection is also a good idea. A DIY window bench seat with 3 over sized storage areas underneath. After drying the wood, it should come out as light tan. Cross-grain sanding may gouge and leave marks in the wood. Destinations. Thorough neutralizing with the acid wash will minimize problems. Once the old finish is off, sand out any stains, gouges from scraping errors, and so forth, and remove random patches of varnish still clinging to the wood. Splattered teak covering will not look good when it’s put on fiberglass. This is first rate in terms of offering inner and outer single-step shield for heavy and thick woods like rosewood, teak and mahogany. All rights reserved. They leave telltale swirl marks on the surface which are accentuated by the application of finish, and their sanding is generally too slow. The safest instrument for general smoothing is the high-speed sander like the “Makita XOB01Z” or any other small sander. Applying the JustTeak™ Teak Cleaner with a soft polypropylene cleaning pad, gently scrub the product across the grain of the teak. So it would be an excellent idea to buy an extra bottle of acid in case it’s needed. It takes less effort than preserving a varnished teak surface. Level-fill joints and cracks with epoxy. As the teak must be fully dry in order to sand it, you should leave it in a dry place for around twenty-four hours. The earlier you complete the treatment after scrubbing, the better. When a boat is used in saltwater, repeated wash downs with freshwater will definitely extend the lifespan of the covering. It is fairly common to use almost twice as much of the second liquid (the acid) as the first, in order to get uniform light color. He has sailed for countless hours and has maintained his own boats and sailboats for years. Teak with noticeable surface abnormalities would definitely take an eternity to scrap out to obtain an even surface. Covering tape isn’t particularly efficient in defending surfaces from teak oil or varnish, as the thickness of most coverings is so thin that they just drain under the edge of the tape. Teak cleaners are formulated to clean bare or oiled wood. Some folks leave the swim platform unfinished so that it is not slippery, but finish the other teak on the boat - … Instead of using a brush, wrap a quarter-sheet of wet/dry sandpaper around a sanding block and dunk in water to wet (try 80 grit first, if necessary go to the coarser 60 grit). Every time you scrub the teak, you are removing softer wood, which eventually results in an uneven surface that raises the grain. If the surface of the teak that you have cleaned is plywood, there is a good chance that thorough polishing the teak, the surface may go right off from side to side, exposing the coating of the veneer, effectively ruining the piece. Do not, as we have seen many times, attempt to restore badly weathered and grey teak by sanding before chemical cleaning. Highly traffic places like the teak cockpit will need the most care of all. In fact, the surface will begin to oxidise instantly as it dries. Apply a thin first coat, and keep a wet edge. Scrub it as lightly as you can and also keep in mind that you have to scrub across the grain. Restore teak boats back to their original condition, removing dark stains from pollution, by following these simple steps. After years of trial and error, he decided to start this website to share the knowledge. Also do not wash off the brown muddy surface of teak, unless the directives require it, after treating it with caustic. Latest. The choice of a teak dressing is, however, as much a matter of esthetics as function. That clarifies why the exterior teak surface on many boats looks so dirty. how to sand teak wood on boat Etsy. Mine is a small one, but our varnish expert has these in every size imaginable. Most cleaners consist of a mild and abrasive acid-like oxalic acid or phosphoric acid. Sand area where the teak cleaner is; you don’t want to sand much of the wood away but you need to get the teak oil out. Whatever teak dressing you use, be neat in applying it. Wet down the teak. Sand The Furniture: Then the next step is to use the sandpaper and rub on the surface of the furniture to provide more coloration. Before getting out the sander to smooth out the grain, however, look at both the function and construction of the wood youre dealing with. Granted, flawlessly smooth teak’s surface is more uniform in color. When the surface is a uniform wet, muddy brown, apply the second part (the acid), spreading with a clean bristle brush; 4. For best results, however, you should never let your teak trim get to the point that such drastic measures are called for: and once you get it back to like new condition, you should be prepared to put in the time and effort required to keep it in that condition. Teak Scraper with Replaceable Blade. Polishing scrubbed teak isn’t always needed. Starting at the highest point of your boat, thoroughly wet the surface with a hose. The following tips on how to varnish wood apply to both boats and other wooden items. Probably nothing can make or break the appearance of a fiberglass boat more quickly than the appearance of the exterior teak trim. Rinse thoroughly, and allow to dry completely. The time you put into maintaining your exterior teak is well invested. There is slight variation in the instructions for the various two-part cleaners, but the general principles are the same: 2. If the cleaner contains acid, however, some care in handling must be taken. If all this sounds like a lot of work, thats because it is. Inexpensive, slow-speed, and heavy sanders must be sidestepped. Those will actually help scrub the wood better because the granules will get into the teak. Use quality masking tape for extended use and protect other surfaces with polyethylene sheeting. For large surface areas you might also want to get a get a large deck brash with a handle just to make the job easier. I know it seems like a lot of work. If the teak of your boat got dark brown because of age or got weathered grey due to negligence, then the first thing necessary is to clean it thoroughly. These aggressive cleaners, remove pulp from the grain, soften caulk seams and significantly reduce the health and longevity of a teak … You’re kidding yourself if you think a once-a-year treatment will keep your teak looking good. Furthermore, neutralizing the acid will reduce the problems.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'bettersailing_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_5',111,'0','0'])); This is the best 2-Part Cleaner made from TotalBoat and below is a video on how to use it. Few things look better on a boat, particularly a white on white fiberglass boat, than well-maintained exterior teak trim. On the usual fiberglass boat, plywood or veneered components are the companionway hatch tops, drop boards, and occasionally cockpit soles and seats. Teak consists of grain that differs in stiffness, even in the same portion of the wood. Pro-Tip: You can also use the same washing machine power that you use to clean your clothes. Remove masking tape immediately when sanding is completed. When the surface is a uniform wet, muddy brown, apply the second part (the acid), spreading with a clean bristle brush; 4. From a merely practical point of view, irregularities are insignificant except in the case of simplified scrubbing. Though, chemical cleaning may be tough on wood. Once or twice a year it is recommended you clean teak boat decking with a specialist teak deck cleaner. Even leaving the tape on overnight on an exterior surface is likely to make it difficult to remove. Obviously, you do not need to sacrifice your finest paintbrush. In addition, do not use these cleaners while barefooted, and preferably not while wearing shorts. These can be either powdered or liquid. We are talking about many thousands of pounds and your boat out of action for a while. Do Twin Sheets Better Control the Mainsail? Whatever teak covering you utilize, be wary of smearing it. Look around at the boats whose exterior teak looks best to you, and query the owners about the products they use. When varnish starts to crack and peel, you have to sand it down to bare wood. Step 2 – Sanding Use only fine-grit sandpaper when sanding teak. Teak, like many woods, has grain which varies a great deal in hardness, even within the same piece of wood. Allow it sit for the specified time on the container--usually 30 minutes. If skin contact is made, flush with running water. Don’t try to use domestic type equipment oils for teak. If you are about to winterize your boat for storage, or have already winterized and worry about having the right antifreeze solution, there are a couple surefire ways to find out. Despite the fact that most manufacturers package two-part cleaners in kits of two equal-sized bottles, they usually make additional bottles of the second part available. Even if the grain of teak is on fixed teak surfaces, you will be better off living with a clean uneven surface instead of opening the “Pandora’s Box” trying to make a perfectly flat surface. Many household cleaners like Barkeeper’s Friendcontain oxalic acid. Owning a boat isn’t all play. Cleaning it with detergent may erode the softer parts of the teak’s grain, leaving ranges of firmer grain. Instead of tedious sanding and scrapping to restore the weathered surface, a standard chemical cleaning is enough to bring back the teak from its worst condition to nearly its original appearance. If the teak surface youve cleaned is teak-faced plywood, theres a good chance that a thorough sanding to smooth the surface will go right through the layer of veneer, effectively ruining the piece. Apply and disperse the acid required to turn teak into a uniform tan. Unlike other paint jobs, you don’t need to sand between coats of nonskid paint; the needed grip for the next coat is built in. Hand protection, in the form of rubber gloves, is absolutely essential. For hatches and decks of hard lumber, belt sander may be the solution, only if you’re comprehensively experienced with this equipment.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'bettersailing_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_13',114,'0','0'])); When doing power sanding, remember to cover surrounding areas of gelcoat. Remove the masking tape instantly after the completion of sanding. The next chemical cleaning will simply repeat the grain-raising cycle, requiring another sanding. Keep in mind that this article is not about deck restoration, so, we will not going to get into applying new Sikaflex on your deck, etc. Teak with grey weathering rarely extends far below the surface of the wood. This transparent finish highlights everything from the wooden bow of a classic runabout to teak trim on production boats. Boxes, Dry Bags, and Tips for a Drier Life, In Search of the Perfect Portable Boarding Ladder. Still, if the wood of the teak is discolored or mottled, then you have to use “Two-part cleaners”. Sand the teakwood to remove the gray-colored surface grain. Even lightly touching a polished gelcoat surface with a sander will damage it. Follow the instructions on the label. It is also made by Makita, and I have great experiences with the brand. A concentrated solution of powdered cleaner and vigorous scrubbing using a very soft bristle brush or, better yet, a 3M pad, will do a surprisingly good job on teak that is basically just dirty. If the decking is much less than 1/2″ thick, and has plugged (bunged) fastenings, sanding out the grain ridges may sand away enough material to sand through or loosen the bungs, exposing the fastenings. The last step in restoring the surface of teak is the application of a sealer or coating to preserve for a long time the look of freshly installed wood. Even just leaving tape overnight on the exterior surface may make it difficult for you to remove. I recommend this teak wood cleaner from Star Bright, it is soft on the teak but gets the job done. 1. Look at other vessels in the vicinity that have nice teak. A boat is a major investment, and like most investments, the more attention you pay to it, the more it will return. Also, surrounding surfaces, whether varnish or paint, should not be tainted by these cleaners. Clean up spills and overruns immediately with a rag dipped in mineral spirits unless another solvent is specified by the manufacturer of the dressing. Even when bungs are set in epoxy, they require a counterbore at least l/8″ deep to hold them in place. How Much Does it Cost to Sail Around the World? Don’t attempt to refurbish grey teak and badly weathered teak by scraping before cleaning it as I described above. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'bettersailing_com-box-4','ezslot_15',123,'0','0'])); The mildest cleaner for teak could be a common purpose domestic powdered soap. Before polishing any part, inspect them cautiously to understand whether they are veneer or solid lumber. Surface irregularities show far less with the matte finish of teak oils. They may not stand against the weather. When sanding solid wood (not veneer), Keitmeier uses 100 grit or coarser paper to get the job done faster, saving the dainty 220 and finer grits for sanding between coats of finish. Apply part one (the caustic), spreading and lightly scrubbing with a bristle brush; 3. Follow these reader-suggested steps to keep it gleaming. Every time the teak is scrubbed, softer wood is removed, which eventually causes a rough surface that elevates the grain. Sanding should only be done when the grain is raised and very rough. For optimum results, monthly application of dressing is required, with a good scrubbing with detergent and water before applying a fresh coat. The cleaning procedure with most one-part cleaners is the same: wet the teak down, sprinkle or brush on the cleaner, scrub down, and rinse off. The same rule applies for hand sanding. To replace the decks on a 9m (30ft) boat is six weeks’ work – three months for a 15m (50-footer). Granted, perfectly smooth teak is likely to be more even in color, and some esthetic sensibilities are offended by a surface showing pronounced grain pattern. To look its best, exterior teak needs frequent attention. Apply part one (the caustic), spreading and lightly scrubbing with a bristle brush; 3. If that’s your case, don’t waste your time with a palm sander or anything like that. Adjacent surfaces, whether gelcoat, paint, or varnish, must not be contaminated by the cleaners, most of which can bleach gelcoat or paint, or soften varnish. If some areas are still grey, a repeat cleaning should do the job. Since you are likely to have some powdered detergent around, always try this method before going on to more drastic measures. Wipe up any debris or dirt on the boat teak wood floors with a damp rag. Make sure to get a Scrub Pad and a Stainless Teak Scrub too so you can get the best result as easy as possible. Instead of the tedious scraping and sanding essential to restore the weathered surface of, for example, mahogany, a fairly simple chemical cleaning usually suffices to bring even the worst of grungy teak back to a semblance of its original glory. The answer to this question is actually pretty complex, having to do with both physical and political issues. It is perhaps the most efficient tool for smoothing large, flat surfaces, but is capable of doing heartrending and irreversible damage in the hands of the inexperienced. © Belvoir Media Group, LLC. On teak with pronounced surface irregularities, it could take forever to sand them out to get a uniform surface color, while chemical cleaning will quickly lighten even the deepest gouges or grain defects. Be vigilant and fix those little nicks and dings before they get down to bare wood. They are potent acids and caustics that can do a fantastic job of brightening and cleaning the teak. Obviously, you don't sacrifice your best badger hair brush for this. Chemical cleaners can clean almost the worst off weathered teak. The same is the case for a belt sander. Even if the grain is quite pronounced on laid teak decks, you may be better off living with a cleaned irregular surface than opening Pandoras box by trying to create a perfectly smooth surface. For … All bungs should be set with varnish. Anything is possible but it always costs. Otherwise, you will need to use a powerful cleaner. When the surface of the teak is a muddy brown, uniform wet, apply “Two-part cleaner”, dispersing with clean stiffed brush. If the wood comes out a nice, even light tan, youre in luck. On other solid teak items such as handrails, toerails, and Dorade boxes, thorough sanding of the chemically cleaned surface before treating with a sealer will result in a much more attractive surface. For this reason, its a good idea to buy an additional bottle of the second solution, when it is available. Just lightly touching the refined gelcoat surface with the sander will damage it. A person who neglects teak wood may also be the same person who hardly replaces engine oil, and who hardly troubles himself to place the sail protections after a sail when he assumes he is going to sail again tomorrow. Never use a disc sander on a surface to be finished bright (oiled or varnished), unless you are one of the few experts who really know how to handle this potentially destructive tool. The severity of the discoloration of the wood will determine the severity of restorative measures required. Use 120-grit sand paper or a foam sanding, block and sand in the direction of the wood grain. However, if things happened and there is a need for extreme cleaning, make an effort to keep it clean moving forward. A concentrated powdered cleaner with vigorous scrubbing using a soft brush will clean the teak, which is just dirty. A belt sander is maybe the most effective tool for leveling flat and large surfaces. Over time, you end up with less wood and can sand right through veneer. Most consist of an abrasive and a mild acid, such as phosphoric acid or oxalic acid. While the instructions on all two-part cleaners are explicit, a reiteration of the warnings on the labels is useful. High traffic areas like a teak cockpit sole will require the most attention of all, but are the easiest to scrub and retreat, since sanding is not usually desirable. When power sanding, always mask off adjacent areas of gelcoat. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'bettersailing_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_4',124,'0','0'])); The next step is to use “one-part cleaners” made explicitly for teak. Very few oil the teak because once you start it has to be kept up, or it mildews. You should take precautions while using these cleaners, which contain acids. Continuous flushing of surrounding surfaces with fresh water among cleaning is usually sufficient, but covering off freshly varnished or painted surfaces will be more efficient. To keep that glossy finish, it’s important to carefully tend to your wood's surface. Our own preference is a dressing which does not darken the wood. There is nothing that can make or break the look of a sailboat more than the look of the exterior teak. The advantage of a gentle scrub using mild cleaners is that while it is more work for you, it is by far the most gentle for your teak. This article on varnishing also has some good tips. But you still need to sand the original surface. From the Archives: Cleaning Interior Teak. Oiling Teak Teak oil can be a very effective and attractive finish. Be sure to rinse well. It is advisable to wear rubber gloves and eye protection using any cleaner containing even a mild acid. If you think you need varnished teak, first of all, try to maintain a freshly oiled surface just for a year and revisit the idea then. Using a scrubbing brush regularly to scrub the grain, makes it weak and rough.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'bettersailing_com-banner-1','ezslot_11',108,'0','0'])); First of all, try to wet down the teak with fresh water, then clean it with a detergent solution. When handling teak cleaners, wear rubber gloves, keep a hose handy, and always thoroughly flush the area where these chemicals are used. Even badly weathered teak should come up reasonably well with a one part cleaner. Avoid scrubbing teak with the grain because the softer wood fibers will be removed leaving ridges. There is nothing quite so beautiful as natural wood varnished to a deep, lustrous, mirror-like finish. Don’t scrub any harder than you have to, and always scrub across the grain. No teak polish lasts for very long. Because cleaners containing acids and caustic are hard on the wood, you should try to use as mild a cleaner as will do the job, even though it may take some experimentation and a few false starts to come up with the right combination of ingredients. Having the right antifreeze solution matters two reasons: first, you don't want your boat's plumbing or engine cooling system to freeze or corrode; second, you don't want your potable water system to turn into a biological breeding ground this coming spring. Few things look better on a boat, mostly a white fiberglass sailboat than a well preserved exterior teak. Unless the instructions require it, do not rinse off the muddy brown surface of the teak after it has been treated with the caustic. The two part liquid cleaners are, with only a few exceptions, powerful caustics and acids which do an incredible job of cleaning and brightening teak, but require care in handling to avoid damage to surrounding surfaces, not to mention your own skin. For decks and hatches of solid lumber, the belt sander is the answer – but only if you are thoroughly experienced with the tool, and only with a heavy duty machine that has a large sanding surface. Constant flushing of adjoining surfaces with water while cleaning is usually adequate, but masking off of freshly painted or varnished surfaces may be more effective. Horizontal surfaces, such as hatch covers, will require more frequent coats of sealer than vertical surfaces, such as companionway dropboards. This same instruction applies to manual sanding. If, however, the teak is still mottled or discolored, the time has come to bring out the heavy guns, and with them the heavy precautions. We just bought a 21 ft 1991 celebrity Cuddy and it’s like an antique with beautiful teakwood adorning this old girl! If its still mottled or grey, a more powerful cleaner is called for. Sanding both before and after treatment is a waste of effort, and is likely to remove more wood than is necessary. TeakGuard is easy — see my info on applying it: Boat Renovation: Applying Teak Guard. Though teak may not rot, it can check, warp, and look depressingly drab if not properly cared for. Regularly using a firm brush to scrub with the grain will lead to problems down the road. Use a badger-hair brush when varnishing. The same goes for the belt sander. 2. When the wood dries, it should be a uniform light tan. Here’s the stripper tool I use in conjunction with the heat gun. But teak isn’t a maintenance-free boat surface that can be ignored or neglected for a long time. Search under wood finish, or teak treatments to turn up our most recent wood finish test results. 3. Also, varnish is MUCH trickier to apply well. Youre kidding yourself if you think a once-a-year treatment will keep your teak looking good. Unlike other woods used for exterior trim, the grey weathering of teak rarely extends very far below the surface of the wood. If the teak’s wood gets clean, even a light tan, then you are in luck. 1. After cleaning one time, if some areas remain grey, repeat cleaning will do the trick. Whilst incredibly resilient and hardy, teak is not immune from the negative effects of the elements and/or overuse of aggressive teak cleaners. Scrap the wood floor with the paint scraper. If you swear youre going to keep the teak up, however, a good sanding will enhance the woods appearance. If electricity isn’t available, just sweep thoroughly with a large paintbrush or dusting brush. Sand with the grain. Contrary to popular belief, teak is not a maintenance-free wood that can be safely ignored and neglected for years at a time. They are more effective in lightening a surface than a simple detergent scrub. Although decks are usually solid lumber, they also can present problems. The boat has been well taken care of but teak is teak thanks for the tips I tried washing off but won’t rinse off I guess I waited too long to rinse Most chemical cleaners rely on a caustic and/or an acid to clean and bleach the surface of the wood. Keep the wood wet for 5-10 minutes before rinsing. Rinse thoroughly, and allow to dry completely. A good idea would be to look nearby boats whose teak looks good to you, then ask the owners about the products which they use. While cleaning with chemicals will swiftly lighten up even the inmost grain or gouges defects. It can be liquid or powdered. Here is a great do it yourself built in bench for a kids room or a master bedroom. Thiokol is like an intense caulk, rubbery but hard to cut, and until you bring it down to the same level as the teak you’re trying to sand, not much will happen with your wood. I just like this one because it’s cordless, portable, and durable. Begin by cleaning the furniture and ridding it of any dirt, dust, and debris. Although it is not immune to neglect, teak is incredibly resilient, and can be brought back to life after remarkable amounts of abuse. The teak’s surface will start to oxidize as soon as it dries. But can also do some painful and permanent damage if the person using this tool is inexperienced. If you are keen to keep your teak up, a good scraping will improve the wood’s form. Pollutants can quickly stain a teak boat, transforming the beautiful golden brown into a mottling of dingy black, brown, and grey.